“Diamond Prices and Grading Q&A Forum” is the title of
Pricescope’s Forum
. This surveys aim was to demystify diamond
pricing, not to endorse or to damage any lab. The findings of the market
pricing component of this survey were based on a large statistically sound
population, but used only 16 or 17 stones for lab grading comparisons. The lab
grades did however confirm some of the market myths, such as EGL USA color
grades can be softer and AGSL clarity grades can be stricter than GIA-GTL.
However, we found no support for reports of EGL USA color grading being more
than one grade different to the other labs. In fact all lab grades were within
a single grade of difference for color or clarity. The most interesting finding
was that softest average grading did not lead to a higher average buying price.

One dealers myth is: “One must buy the diamond, not the paper”, however we
found the B2B marketplace adjusts pricing for its expectation for grading
strictness. But does the retail market pass on those price differences? Perhaps
this is a separate survey for the future?

Pricescope initiated this survey to clarify diamond grading myths and facts
which are passed on via public Pricescope
from diamontaires, appraisers and retail jewelers to
consumers. As advocates for the diamond buying public, Pricescope strives to
demystify diamond buying for the public in the belief that helping people buy
diamonds will grow diamond sales. Many in the industry consider the idea of
educating consumers heretical, but as a leading industry figure, Martin
Rapaport, said: “If the educated consumer is your nightmare, then go out of
business. Consumers won’t get less educated.” Pricescope estimates that more
than 80% of the money spent on larger diamonds in USA follows some research on
the Internet.

After reading this article, many consumers will feel safer buying a diamond
graded by the market leader, GIA. Others might be willing to trade brand value
for a lower cost EGL USA graded diamond. Yet another person may be attracted by
the stricter AGSL grading. Consumers who learn about this survey may drive a
harder bargain for an EGL USA graded diamond in retail stores.

Myth and Facts

  • “Diamonds graded by GIA-GTL have better
    resale liquidity”. Fact
  • “GIA is the strictest laboratory in the
    world” – Myth. According to this survey 8 out of 16 diamonds were graded more
    strictly by AGS. EGL tended to grade clarity more strictly.
  • “AGS is very strict” – A fact overall, but
    AGSL color grades can be softer than GIA-GTL.
  • “EGL certificates are not worth the paper
    they are printed on” – Myth. Although in 12 cases out of 17 EGL graded color
    softer, EGL clarity grading was as strict or stricter as GIA.
  • “GIA has the strongest international
    diamond brand” – Fact.
  • “It is safer to buy a GIA graded diamond”
    – Myth. Any diamond grading report is an opinion, not a guarantee.
  • “GIA invented the grading standards and
    independent reports”- Fact.
  • “GIA or AGS reports guarantee grading
    accuracy” – Myth. This survey shows that both labs can grade either softer or
    more strictly and this affects a diamonds price.
  • “Consumers should consider an appraisal by
    a qualified and independent gemologist” – Fact. This can ensure a diamond meets
    a consumers criteria and to avoid possible switching errors (two occurred in
    this survey).
  • “Diamonds with GIA reports trade for
    higher prices”. Myth – AGSL diamonds often trade for more.
  • “GIA has trained more gemologists
    world-wide than all the other schools combined” – Fact.
  • “Excellent / Excellent GIA graded diamonds
    are more beautiful” – Myth. An Ex / Ex diamond can have poor proportions;
    symmetry and polish have less effect on diamond beauty than proportions.
  • “GIA-GTL charges more than other labs” –
    Fact. This adds to the cost.
  • “GIA-GTL takes longer to grade a diamond
    than other labs”. Fact – This adds to the cost.
  • “GIA-GTL provides the least useful cut
    grading information of any major lab” – Fact
  • “You can get ripped off buying an EGL
    USA graded diamond” – Myth. Even if you buy a one higher color EGL graded
    diamond than you require, GIA-GTL may grade it a color grade lower and the same
    clarity, but you will probably pay less.

Over time labs may adjust their
grading strictness, and new myths and market pricing may evolve. For this
reason Pricescope will regularly conduct similar surveys of these and other
diamond grading laboratories.


One initial aims of this survey was to compare grading consistency; this was
not an easy task. To compare consistency a bench mark is needed; the question
is to which benchmark should consistency be compared? The industry generally
looks to the GIA-GTL as the standard or benchmark of diamond grading. However
GIA-GTL also gave a different grade for the same stone (# 10). While EGL USA
was softer with color grading, it was consistently softer. However, a 16 or 17
stone survey is too small to draw any conclusions on consistency.


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